Bitter melon or Momordica charantia is a tropical fruit that possesses potent medicinal properties and according to many scientists, it is one of the most beneficial fruits on the planet.
Bitter melon originates from India and thousands of years ago people in Asia use this fruit for preparation of various dishes, but this fruit also is used as a natural treatment of numerous diseases. The bitter melon is efficient when is used as a treatment of fever, diarrhea, malaria, painful menstruation, kidney stones, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, skin infections, colic, glaucoma, stomach cramps and hemorrhoids.
This fruit is abundant with proteins, acids, peptides, alkaloids, glycoside, momordine, cucurbitins, charantin, cucurbitacins and momorcharins.
Scientists are convinced that the primary components in charge of the hypoglycemic properties include charantin, momordicin, cucurbutanoids and oleanolic acids.
The recent scientific studies have proved that the bitter melons possess potent hypoglycaemic and anticancer properties.
Team of scientists from the Garvan Institute of Medical Research and the Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica conducted a research and they have discovered that this incredible fruit is efficient natural treatment of type 2 diabetes.
Namely, the bitter melon contains certain chemical compounds that activate AMPK which actually stimulates the movement of glucose transporters to the cells’ surface.
“More transporters on cells’ surfaces increase the uptake of glucose from circulation in the blood into tissues of the body, such as muscle, thus lowering blood sugar levels”.
The findings of researchers were published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology published. The results indicate that: “Bitter melon had a modest hypoglycemic effect and significantly reduced fructosamine levels from the baseline among patients with type-2 diabetes who received 2,000 mg/day. However, the hypoglycemic effect of bitter melon was less than metformin at 1,000 mg/day”.
In addition to that, the newest research conducted by scientists at the Saint Louis University showed that bitter melon contains extract that triggers a chain of events on a cellular level which actually inhibits the multiplication of breast cancer cells and destroys them at the same time.
The lead researcher of this study stated that: “bitter melon extract modulates several signal transduction pathways, which induces breast cancer cell death. This extract can be utilized as a dietary supplement for the prevention of breast cancer”.
Bitter melon is a fruit that has specific bitter taste and you can consume it raw, for instance you can add it to salads, smoothies or potions. Another option is to take bitter melon extract which you can buy in any pharmacy or you also can buy it as a herbal supplement in healthy food stores.